Italy is located in Western Europe and has a population of 58.9 million people. Italy is most well known for its vineyards, ruins and cuisine of pasta and pizza. However, Italy also has beautiful and unique architecture and stunning landscapes. Its medieval towns and seemingly untouched fishing villages all add to the appeal that is Italy. The official language of Italy is Italian; however, German is also spoken in the south and French on the Riviera border. English is spoken in the bigger cities and in tourist areas.

Medical tourism

See the box to the right to view a full list of available treatment areas.

Best time to travel

The south of Italy can get quite hot in the summer compared to the north, and there is snowfall in the mountains in winter. The wettest months are between October and December.

Money and costs

The national currency is the Euro (EUR, symbol €). Find up-to-date exchange rates and conversion through a currency conversion tool.


Visas are not required for tourists from the USA, Canada and Australia for stays of up to 90 days, while members of the EU have unlimited duration.

Getting there

The main points of entry for Italy are usually Rome, Milan or Pisa.

Dialling codes

To call Italy, the country dialling code is +39.

Useful links

Find more in-depth information on Italy at:

Lonely Planet -​italy

Italy Embassy in the USA -

Italy Embassy in the UK -

NHS health information on Italy -​NHSEngland/​healthcareitaly/​Pages/​healthcareitaly.aspx

Something here not quite right? Please contact us so we can update this destination and links.

Page last updated: Friday, 2nd September 2011